Sport Tourism and Sports For Health and Fitness
Sports (or physical sports) is any forms of typically competitive physical activity that, through organised or casual participation, aim to utilize, improve or maintain physical aptitude and skills, often providing entertainment for participants, and even in some cases, spectators, who derive physical enjoyment from the activity itself. This sport can be a contact sport (such as fencing and gymnastics) where the objects of competition are usually sharp objects such as balls or shins, while games of skill or steadiness rely less on objects but instead on the application of certain “body-mind” strategies. Physical games, like swimming, are very common and could be learned in any young age, while other games such as tennis and golf are usually reserved for more mature participants. One can also include games in one’s fitness regimen such as weightlifting, which requires the participant to work out both the muscles and the body to reach a desired goal; bicycling, which is a popular mode of exercise for many people because of the low cost involved; and rowing, which is considered as one of the most difficult yet satisfying exercises for its participants. These physical activities can also be competitive or non-competitive.
Competitions are held regularly in most countries, with a few rare exceptions, to determine the most skilled or talented athletes for athletic events such as Olympic and international soccer championships, and other major competitions such as those taking place in the US, such as the Miss America and the Miss Universe contests. However, most countries have their own national competitions and many sports have become so popular that there are entire clubs of athletes, each with its own dedicated members. There are also professional and semi-professional sports leagues in most countries. Professional sportswear and equipment, especially when used in association sports like football and hockey, is available at relatively high prices. However, clothing and equipment used in recreational sports like soccer and basketball are available at more reasonable prices.
Since international sports involve team sports, it is important to ensure fair competition among all teams. Many countries have official and independent sports competitions and international sports competitions to attract participants. These are usually governed by a neutral organization to ensure fair competition among all teams. In addition to promoting local team sports, international sports also provide an opportunity for a nation to showcase its sporting culture, its teams and players.