The Relationship Between Health and Social Determinants
Health, as defined by the World Health Organization, is a condition that “guarantees the normal development of the individual in relation to health, physical, mental, emotional, social and economical aspects.” A number of definitions have also been used over the years for various purposes. The current definition, from the World Health Organization (WHO), “health” means “exercise of reasonable care designed to keep you healthy”; it also means “avoiding risk.”
The practice of public health and the identification of health problems and their prevention or control represent important areas of social science research and practice. Public health emphasizes the assessment, diagnosis and treatment of diseases and the prevention of health inequities. This is done through the promotion of quality services, programs and practices that address the health needs of the population; this is done through education, research and community coordination. The goals of public health include the achievement of universal health coverage, improvement in public health through interventions and the maintenance of a balanced system of health care.
The promotion of a healthy diet and lifestyle is also included in the mission of public health. Healthy diet refers to eating a well balanced diet, including all essential nutrients, sufficient amount of calories, less intake of fat and oil, and a regular physical environment. It is necessary to avoid bad health habits like smoking, drinking alcohol and over consumption of controlled substances. A healthy lifestyle means having regular exercise and avoiding the use of tobacco and other addictive substances such as drugs and caffeine. Having a good physical environment means a clean and safe place to live, work, and rest.